Revolutionary drugs for fighting cancer and research studies conducted in the Black Sea for using hydrogen sulfide as a source of generating energy.
The National Research-Development Institute for Cryogenic and Isotopic Technologies – ICSI Rm. Valcea, until a few years ago a secret institution, whose employees were not even allowed before 1989 to disclose their birth place, let alone their job, started to open its gates to the public.
The Institute is one of the few research centers, which continue to exist in Romania, and which conduct research studies in the field of energy innovation, as well as medical or nuclear research.
Within this institution, there has been working, for a short period of time, a technology and business incubator, where 10 companies, working in research or innovation, collaborate with the Institute in order to promote its products.
Deuterium depleted water on the international market.
One of the most popular products patented by the researchers of this Institute is deuterium depleted water, which brings its great contribution in the medical field, concerning the remission and prevention of cancer.
Unfortunately, due to the lack of cooperation of the Romanian medical system, the representatives of the Institute are forced to deliver the “living water” abroad, the highest demand coming from Hungary, which presently buys 70% of deuterium depleted water (??), but the water from Valcea also entered the Japanese market.
The Institute also collaborates with clinical hospitals from Iasi, Timisoara, Bucharest, and even with the units on the chemical platform from Valcea. “We call it immaculate water and it will be launched on the market starting with April 1st, bottled in 500 ml bottles.
Until now we used to sell it only in two-liter bottles. This is actually purified drinking water, with low deuterium content.
The price for a two-liter bottle is 20 lei now, and healthy people should add two thirds regular water to it.
Sick people, however, should not use this water merely as water cure, but should drink it constantly.
Currently, Hungarians buy from us around 100 tons annually and sell this water in their country for 10 euros a bottle. We also have what is called Aqua Forte, for veterinary use”, says the director of the Institute.
Romanian hospitals do not use the “living water” from Valcea.
In Romania, only a few private hospitals use this water as treatment, most patients having to go directly to the Institute in order to buy deuterium depleted water.
Deuterium depleted water is effective especially in cancer treatments, in combination with chemotherapy.
The Institute has actually preserved the first building where heavy water used to be produced, the system here being capable of producing a ton annually.
Presently, the heavy water that was on the market in 1971, when the Institute was created, is no longer produced.
Heavy water production raises now to an average of 120 tons a year, but without using systems based on hydrogen sulfide.
Initially, in 1971, the factory, called “G Factory”, was created with the purpose of producing heavy water. It can resist earthquakes with the highest magnitude of 7.5.
In 1994, the plant changed its name to ICSI, and later, in 1996, it became the National Research Institute.
Because technological research is a sensitive field, the employees are highly paid, their monthly salaries being even up to 3500 – 4000 euros, comparable, thus, to the salaries of researchers from other countries.
Besides the research concerning deuterium depleted water, the Institute also conducts nuclear research studies, as well as precious metal recovery from spent catalysts.
The Institute also has its own environmental monitoring units, as well as devices able to accurately determine the quality of wines and their origin.
Other devices from the Institute can determine the levels of pesticides in food or vegetables.
The Institute also supplies liquid helium to all hospitals in Romania that own tomographs.
Last year, 2 million euros were invested in classic research, and it is estimated this year that the budget will be at least as consistent.
Currently, one of the recently launched projects of the Institute concerns pharmaceutical medical research for creating a new effective drug for liver cancer.
Dr. Radu Tamaian, who works in the pharmaceutical laboratory, tries now to obtain new anti-tumor compounds.
“We are trying to create a targeted drug that would act only on the liver tumor and would not affect the rest of the body.
Little progress has been made worldwide in this regard.
Only on the American market there exists currently such a drug, extracted from yew, but it has been in use for a short period of time.
In our estimation, we will complete this project in 2010, and after we create the drug, we will have to find a hospital willing to cooperate with us in order to test it”, says dr. Tamaian.
Research studies unique in the world, conducted in the Black Sea
The representatives of the Institute are also currently conducting a series of research studies, unique in the world, trying to determine whether hydrogen sulfide found in the bottom layer of the Black Sea can be efficiently used as a source of generating electrical energy.
“We conduct this research in collaboration with other Black Sea coastal states, for example Turkey, Ukraine and Kazakhstan.
It is clear that hydrogen sulfide can be used as a source of energy, but it is an issue of efficiency and safety, because that gas, found in abundance in the Black Sea, is very dangerous, and it is also very expensive to take it out, since it is at 800-1000 meters depth.
Personally, I wouldn’t risk using this method for generating energy, because hydrogen sulfide vapors are very dangerous for the human body.
When the Institute began its activity, we were using hydrogen sulfide here, and the employees felt really sick a few times because of the vapors, which affect the little brain.
They would simply lose their balance and fall.
And I don’t know how it happened, but the general director used to smell the vapors in his office more than the employees who worked directly in that department.
It is a dangerous gas, difficult to control.
For the moment, Romania still has energy resources, but the idea of generating renewable energy has already been put forward, and I believe this can be done especially by using hydrogen fuel cells”, says director of the Institute, Prof. Dr. Ioan Stefanescu.
Another innovative product of the Institute is the hydrogen fuel cell, which can help produce electric energy.
Also, the Institute conducts nuclear research, based on the extraction of deuterium tritium, for the tritium extraction plants from Cernavoda.
Romania also becomes, thus, a tritium supplier for the European market.
On the premises of the Institute, there was recently established a technological and business incubator, where 10 small and medium-sized companies function, their activity being linked to the research conducted by the Institute. Their purpose here is to promote and commercialize the products created by the researchers.
The incubator has its own management, but not legal personality, and in 5 years from now on it will belong to the Institute.
Currently it is subordinated to the National Research-Development Institute for Cryogenic and Isotopic Technologies – ICSI Rm. Valcea and coordinated by the Infrastructure and Technology Transfer Office of the National Authority for Scientific Research, which granted the title of infrastructure entity for innovation and technology transfer for a period of 5 years starting with December 15, 2006.
The actual mission of the companies that are currently part of the incubator – SC Ecotestgas, SC Ecosystem Expert, SC Messer MAGNICOM Gas, SC Messer Energo Gas Gas SC Messer Romania, SC Carpe, SC Ecoprotmed SRL, SC Metinstal, SC Montindus SRL and the largest unit, SC Mecro System SRL, which will take care of the marketing of deuterium depleted water, launched on the market as QLARIVIA – is to commercialize and sell the products of the Institute.
“So far 10 companies, able to engage in innovative business, through the transfer of some research results of our Institute, have been incubated.
We have a portfolio of over 30 patents and applicable projects. Companies can participate, in partnership with our Institute, in the research and development projects.
The National Network of Innovation and Technology Transfer was also created, and it includes all incubators in the country”, said the director of the incubator, Gheorghe Titescu.